I have undertaken to answer the following questions in order to justify why religion is used as a label of violence in Nigeria. I intend to answer the following questions: (1) what is the definition of violence? (2) What is religion? (3) Is religion responsible for violence in Nigeria? We shall read the multidimensional characters of religion and violence, in terms of definitions in the introductory section of my book. My book seeks to address these questions and therefore investigate the historical background of the religious violence between Christians and Muslims in Nigeria. Religious violence in Nigeria is influenced by other factors in which religion is immediately labeled as the cause of such conflicts between Christians and Muslims in Nigeria.
Religion is a belief in supernatural being. Religion has existed throughout the history of human society. It is a part of culture and an important aspect of human social life. For more than a millennium now, India has been host to some of the greatest, most vigorous and expansive religion of the world. This circumstance has endowed India with a rich diversity; but it has also given rise to some of the most acute strategic political administrative problems that the Indian nation has to face in the past and continue to face till today. The book concerned mainly with the Religious Composition of Population in western Uttar Pradesh (India).
Their god is War. And every god needs his Devil. THE RELIGION Malta, 1565. The greatest war the world has ever seen is unleashed on the doomed island as the Turks do battle with the Knights. The Knights call themselves The Religion. The Turks call them the Hounds of Hell. Back in Sicily, the beautiful, rich Carla pines for her bastard son, lost in the bloody inferno across the water. Enter Mattias Tannhauser – warrior, hero and double agent. Under Carla’s command, he embarks on a death-defying mission to save her son. But can he evade the Inquisition and escape to run the Turkish blockade to victory in time?
The question as to what religion is, will remain an important and vexing issue. This book which is a translation from the original German work by Theo Sundermeier, attempts to give a theological explanation as to what religion is. In the process several important phenomenological themes are addressed, making the book relevant to a wider audience. Other topics, such as syncretism, religious tolerance and evil in religion, are also addressed. The book consists of four parts: a Phenomenological perspective, a discussion on Constitutive elements in Religion, an overview of the Encounter of Religions and a discussion on the Science of Religion as an academic subject. The book is directed at a scholarly as well as lay audience. It promises to stimulate the debate on the nature of religion.
This book explores Karl Marx's position that religion is the opium of the people. While Marx argued that religion is an ideology, in this book it is argued that it is not. It is further argued that Christianity should not be taken as a paradigm for all religions. Thus, while Marx's critique of religion was appropriate for the Christianity of his time, it cannot be a true description of the role Christianity has played in every epoch. Indeed, Marx's view of religion should not be universalized and applied to all other religion especially African traditional religions.
Does religion contribute to high prevalence of risky behaviours (e.g.,Risky sexual activity, excessive alcohol consumption,drug abuse, reckless driving, and mountain climbing)?. Risky behaviours have long been a source of debate due to the risks involved to not only the individuals committing the acts, but also innocent bystanders. Most humans understand those risks. Yet, risky behaviours continue to escalate, particularly among young adults, 18–25 years old. According to Professor Zuckerman, who discovered a sensation seeking personality, which is strongly based on genetic factor, that paradox has emerged due to such personality, which drives people to take risky behaviours.A lot of research has examined religion and risky behaviours. Yet, there is none study that analyzed religion and sensation seeking. This book has investigated and elaborated those two variables. It has revealed that religion has a significant impact on reducing one's level of sensation seeking and, therefore, scales down risky behaviours. With respect to that, the implication of a young Muslim male as threat to society, particularly western society, is a counter intuitive.
Religion is both a human internal experience and external phenomenon. Religion being part of human society, there is a great need to understand the meaning of religion as it forms the basis for human actions and fundamental decision making for most people. As a result, various scholars from different disciplines have endeavored to unveil the meaning of religion but from the point of view of their own academic backgrounds. Since religion forms a discipline in its own right, phenomenology of religion as part of religious studies is well placed as a method of grasping the meaning of religion as explained in this text. In pursuit to finding the unprejudiced meaning of religion, this book explores various categories of definitions of religion, and meaning of religion as expounded by evolutionary and projectionist theories. Scientific and theological reductionisms in relation to the meaning of religion have also been analyzed. The book presents a comprehensive introduction to Phenomenology of Religion as a course and method of intuiting the essence of religious phenomenon.It is highly recommended for undergraduate students of Religious Studies.
In Bengali Language, a man cannot be a ‘Dharmanirapeksha’ or secular man and a state cannot be a ‘Dharmanirapeksha Rastra’ or secular state, because it (Dharma) is the true essence of humanity. In Bangladesh, terminologically, there has a debate in Bengali dharmanirapekshta and English word of secularism. It can be said that the 5th and 8th amendment bills of Bangladesh constitution were anti-secular, but the 15th amendment bill is both secular and anti-secular. This amendment creates an obscure meaning of the term ‘Secularism’ which also promotes and strengthens the ideological debate on religion and secularism in Bangladesh. This book, therefore, tries to give answer the following questions and to provide a prolouge for ‘Bangladesh Constitution’. 1. Is there any distinct arena for Religion and Politics in a society? 2. ‘Renders unto Ceaser the things that are Ceasers and unto God the things that are Gods’ and ‘Religion is only belonging to individual, not belonging to collective or a state’- Are these two notions same? 3. Is Secularism and Dharmanirapekshata a same Concept?
This book, is primarily written as a response to the dearth of correct information on the subject of African Traditional Religion by African authors. Each of the twenty-one chapters of the book discusses various themes, concepts and issues about African Religion and Philosophy. The book also examines critically, many socio-cultural values cum the changing world-view of the people. The book is a handy teaching material on the subject of African Religion and Philosophy.
Economy culture and religion is deeply inter-related with each other. The social structure of a community or ethnic group is intimately related with this aspect. Anthropology being a holistic study of man focuses deep attention on this approach. However, there are a large section of unorganized occupational sector. Their culture is a part of religion and simultaneously it is a part of their economy. Often such sectors are ignored and their cultural tradition remain unfocused in the context of human civilization. In the contemporary period anthropology has extended its emic perspective from global to local and from great to little tradition. In this context, to understand the society, culture and civilization, it is the time to conduct value oriented research work. India is a multi ethnic and multicultural country. In this context, the cultural tradition of indigenous communities, ethnic and occupational groups bears a special resemblance. The present study has been done from the perspective to understand the cultural tradition from a holistic perspective.
“Commercializing religion – mixing sacred with profane” is a retort to the practice of amalgamating religious symbolism and holy iconography in marketing messages and promotional communications. To create a desire in audience religion is being used as tempting concept to convert possible audiences into buyers and consumers. This reveals current standing of creed and religion in our society. This research is an enquiry in relationship between religion, sacred imagery and attitude towards religious iconography.
This is the first book to explore how religious movements and actors shape and are shaped by aspects of global city dynamics. Theoretically grounded and empirically informed, Religion and the Global City advances discussions in the field of urban religion, and establishes future research directions. David Garbin and Anna Strhan bring together a wealth of ethnographically rich and vivid case studies in a diversity of urban settings, in both Global North and Global South contexts. These case studies are drawn from both ‘classical’ global cities such as London and Paris, and also from large cosmopolitan metropolises - such as Bangalore, Rio de Janeiro, Lagos, Singapore and Hong Kong – which all constitute, in their own terms, powerful sites within the informational, cultural and moral networked economies of contemporary globalization. The chapters explore some of the most pressing issues of our times: globalization and the role of global neo-liberal regimes; urban change and in particular the dramatic urbanization of Global South countries; and religious politics and religious revivalism associated, for instance, with transnational Islam or global Pentecostal/Charismatic Christianity.
The study reviews some major faith traditions with a fundamental quest of peace, harmony and tolerance.It looks into how plurality being respected, managed and being harnessed towards global harmony and peace and how religion can better be used as inspiration for building a better society.It reveals that there are enough pragmatic and age-old wisdom in the world’s religious traditions that can guide our social and political life peacefully. Religion is not a double-edge sword it is rather harmony all the way.
This book will examine in a thorough academic way, the issues pertaining to African traditional religion and its cultural practices as they affect African people in contemporary times.The Book The Fundamentals of African Religion is an attempt to bridge the gap created by dearth of indigenous African contribution to the discipline of African Religion. Thus, the book is the work of an insider whose sole intention is to provide a comprehensive background for high level students and general practitioners who may be interested in research into the field of African Religion. Basically, the book is divided into sixteen chapters based on the the three basic components of African Religion
As we have already seen, prosperity Gospel is a channel-tapping people away from the kingdom highway (John 14:6, Isaiah 35:8). Their preaching is good by hearing but it is deficient in salvation teaching. The main agenda of Christianity being lost, a reform is needed in our African church. The missionaries did their best in the past years. Their struggle was not all in vain, for Christianity is well planted in our continent today. The problem lies within Africans who become obsessed with an earthly theocratic kingdom than heavenly spiritual kingdom. In this Book i have tried to discuss some of the Contentious issues in African Tradition Religion and how they can be corrected in a christian way. It is a book i would recommend to all 21st Century African Christians.
Is It A Religion?The puzzling and practical question was asked by naive religious villagers where the author was brought up:And founded: Sakila Native Church: At his village,in Meru:Tanzania.The same question is asked whenever and wherever the author convey the message that is:Beyond a religion:World at large. When the author was commissioned to reach the unreached of his village. Poor peasants of his land doubted and tortured him as he went through persecutions. Nevertheless,he pressed on and the first believers opened the way to reach from village to village with the Good News.Today their mission have planted churches all over the nation and to other nations of the continent of Africa.The same message that changed the lives of poor peasants has blessed multitudes around the World.The author has ministered in several nation in Europe and America.His message to the World is simple and clear that makes many to see the bible in a different eye.The book you are about to read will let you see what is beyond a religion. Above all,the book will let you see beyond written Word of God. The book is the answer of-Is It A Religion?To acquire the answer:Read the book!
This book presents some principle areas in the domain of the philosophy of religion. Special emphasis is given to;Religious truth claims,that is, evidence and proofs for God''s existence;it examines some important questions regarding religion,such as good and evil,Death and immortality,Faith and Reason and Contemporary approaches to religious phenomenon. After examining the place of reason, revelation and experience in religion the book considers ways of thinking and speaking about God. The traditional and more contemporary arguments for the existence of God have been examined. A number of major topics have been discussed such as the problem of suffering,the relationship between religion and morality,free will,miracles and immortality. The book closes with a brief examination of the attacks on religious belief from the direction of contemporary philosophy.This study is the fruit of extensive inquiry, teaching and sharing with students. It is at the same time, the fruit of harmonious and friendly co-operation and sharing among the Students and author as a Lecturer of philosophy of Religion.The book is good to students and Lecturers in colleges and Universities teaching Philosophy.
Another case of specialists in amorous affairs of the Amur Agency. The daughter of a rich housewife fell in love with a gardener. Spetsam is instructed to extinguish the flame of flaming love. The question, it would seem, has been resolved, but… the gardener is poisoned. In the investigation of this crime, Oleg and Vika will also show themselves only on the best side. As in all the love episodes of the book. The contract is being fulfilled, the bank account is growing, the Agency is booming!
Perhaps, China is the only country, where no religion dominates and prevails. Although the traditional Chinese religions occurred, Buddhism was and is popular and missionaries tried to their best to promote Christianity, it is still hard for the Chinese people to become really religious because theocracy did not appear in China, the Chinese people never waged a religious war and religion reforms never took place in China. In this book: (i) the author at first explores the possibility of if God had touched China because God touched Middle East according to the Bible, (ii) the author analyzes what defines Chinese national identity because Europe is defined by Christianity, (iii) the author discusses if Chinese history can be separated from religion because history in many countries cannot be separated from religion, (iv) the author explains why traditional Chinese religion cannot prevail in China, (v) the author reveals a possible reason why the Chinese people may not be suitable to religion, and (vi) the author broadens his discussion to ask whether God is punishing us now in parallel to the case of the Tower of Babel.