The book gives an insight into the basic concepts related with the public health dentistry. The subject of public health dentistry is vast therefore every attempt has been made to include every aspect of the subject in the book. The language used is very simple and lucid making it convenient for even an undergraduate to use the book. The book will act as a special aid to learn the basic concepts of Public health dentistry and apply the same in practical situations. In addition special attention has been given to explain the concepts by citing examples. The authors have put in a lot of hard work in compiling a huge data related with the vast field of public health dentistry and hope that the book will be successful not only among the specialist dealing with the subject but also among general dentists,physicians,people dealing with the policies determining public health . Being a teacher the authors have also tried to incorporate the topics which will be important for the students in various university exams.All in all the book will be a good handy resource for any body ranging from students to teachers to policy makers who are directly or indirectly related to the subject.
Our goal was to provide undergraduate and postgraduate students with a comprehensive overview of the subject without omitting or diluting the salient concepts of the information given. During the course of writing this text book careful attention has been given to outline the older and recent concepts and several of the chapters represent totally new approaches to the specific subject. The authors willingly will accept any unintentional oversights and will make necessary amendments in the future editions.
Health is sensitive to social conditions and this has implications for the positioning of health promotion interventions in the social context in which people live their lives. Social Sciences have brought to the field of public health the study of the psychology, culture and other aspects of human behavior that are important part of our external environment. Social Scientist can work in tandom with the dental public health team to address the issues of accessibility of oral health services for low income populations.
The Public Health Educator, Community Health Educator or Health Educator are all used interchangeable to describe an individual who plans implements and evaluates health education and promotion programs. These individuals play a crucial role in many organizations in various settings to improve our nation’s health. Just as a Community health educator works toward population health, a school Health educator generally teaches in Professional Colleges and Schools. A community health educator is typically focused on their immediate community striving to serve the public. TB is now a notifiable disease in India-It has become mandatory for healthcare providers in India to report all tuberculosis cases to local government authorities, following an order issued by the government of India on 7 May 2012.
Nanodentistry is a good approach to assess onset or progress of oral diseases and to identify the targets for their treatment. Using nanocharacterization tools, various oral diseases can be understood at molecular and cellular levels. It can be used to design the biocompatible, microbe resistant dental materials and implants. This nano technology will make possible the maintenance of oral health by using nanomaterials in dentistry. Nanodentistry is developing very fast and is set to transform the dentistry in a huge way.
Promotion of oral health and preventive dental care are fundamental concepts in dentistry for children. In this context, the pediatric dentist has a specific responsibility to children and their parents as well as to society. The preventive process must begin early in infancy during the infant's first year to ensure a successful outcome. The purpose of an infant oral health program is to improve access to care, to provide counseling and anticipatory guidance for children aged 6 months to 5 years. The goal is to provide infants and toddlers with a pleasant, non-threatening introduction to dentistry and to establish and reinforce the foundation of sound dental habits. The Current Text offers a Contemporary Guide to Perfect Oral Health Care in Infants.
Oral diseases remain major public health problems on a global level. Dental caries are one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide. These oral problems are significantly associated with pain, agony, functional and esthetic problems; also loss of working man-hours. This situation exists despite the fact that both dental caries and gum diseases are theoretically preventable by appropriate dental health behaviors. Prevention has been categorized into four levels namely: primordial, primary, secondary and tertiary levels. Early prevention and detection are key to minimizing your need for more serious dental treatment. Hence, a detailed review of literature is conducted to throw light on every aspect of “Recent advances in preventive dentistry”.
This book tries to answer the following questions: What is the status of sexuality and sexual health in the practice of social sciences in Morocco? Could the critique of this status contribute to specify concepts of sexuality and sexual health? Does the social construction of sexual identities aim to be less hierarchical and less hetero-normative ? How did sexual behaviors and practices evolve? What are the sexual issues and problems that are considered by public powers as public health related? What are the public policies adopted to face sexual issues and problems? Among the main results of this work, a practical tolerance of sexual freedom is observed in spite of the laws that prohibit non marital sexuality. This opening of Moroccan sexuality is anarchical as it is non-managed by a public policy, making it happy and not guilty. Public policy is only focused on the sexual public health. But the founding sexual and reproductive rights at the heart of sexual health are said to be inadmissible in the name of an official Islam that refuses to recognize sexuality as such. Thus, sexual citizenship is not recognized.
Dentistry has come a long way since 1900 when Willoughby Miller & William Hunter proclaimed that oral disease cause most systemic disease. A century later researchers are developing a scientifically based understanding of how in fact periodontitis may be a risk for certain systemic diseases. As these more recent observations are confirmed & clarified, dentistry will have a new responsibility in caring for patients who may develop or who have periodontitis. It is no longer just teeth that are at risk.
This is an initial attempt at combining the financial analysis using partly the NHA (National Health Accounts) framework and the concepts of decentralization as viewed from the perspective of the local body. The study presents a scope for both empirical as well as theoretical discussion. Empirical by way of quantifying the shares of various categories and elucidating the reasons for the same. Simultaneously connecting this pattern with the degree of autonomy, as perceived by the decision makers, providing for the view of decentralization from the side of the local body. Theoretical by way of changes made in the NHA framework for combining the concepts of financing and decentralization. The fluidity in terms of the definitions can be further probed and challenged.
This document is to assist the health care provider by providing a succinct guide to clean care in the long term care setting, and home and community as well as institution care settings. This document will focus on screening clients/student dentists , risk assessment, and risk reduction strategies including clean hands, clean equipment, clean environment and health care provider and patient education.
Chronological developments of public health in 19th and 21st centuries are discussed in this book, starting from Edwin Chadwick’s sanitary movement and the social and Economic Drivers behind them,John snow’s work and various legislative Acts. In 19th century the main focus was on Physical Infrastruture especially to provide adequate sanitation ,housing and clean water.Public Health then was mainly concerned with the prevention of Infectious and contagious threats to Human health and concerned with poor and special needs group. What has emerged as the New public Health is the approach which tries to bring together the environmental change and personal perspective measures with suitable interventions. The contemporary health problems is seen as social rather than individual and what is needed to address these problems is Healthy Public Policy. In the New public Health the environment is Social,psychological and physical as well. The desire for New Public Health movement to tackle the Health problems of 21st century found its expresionin WHO’s Global strategy of Health for All by the year 2000(HFA2000).
Geriatric dentistry is a specialty which deals with the prevention, treatment and rehabilitation aspects of the problems of dental and oral structures and functions of older people to make them to lead better life and well accepted by the society. Several countries have started to give special attention to the oral health needs of geriatric groups. Their problems have been looked as the public health problem and a search for a suitable policy and program for their health have been initiated. The purpose of this book is to understand the oral health needs of the geriatric populations and health care programs and policies undertaken in different parts of the world so as to compare and analyze the present situation and to suggest the possible strategy for the future of geriatric oral health.
Nigeria, with an estimated 150 million people belonging to some 250 ethnic groups and separated by an ever widening gulf between Christians and Muslims,is one of world's most volatile nations. This is an attempt at a critical analysis of the precursors and determinants of genocidal conflicts in a country where ethnic and religious motivated massacres claim more lives than many infectious and non-communicable diseases. The book draws a parallel between Nigeria and similar African nations that have witnessed genocidal killings and highlights the precursors and trigger factors that led to genocide in those countries as well as the peculiarities of Nigeria as presently structured that makes her a candidate for such incidences. It tries to estimate the impact a major genocide will have on Nigeria from the humanitarian and health system perspective. The potential role of public health professionals and how they can use the knowledge and concepts of epidemiology to predict and prevent genocide or mitigate its public health impact are highlighted. This book will be of interest to public health physicians, students of conflict epidemiology/management, sociology, politics and public policy.
Health economics is a growing field and is an important aspect of public policy analysis, debate and dialogue. It is concerned with how best to use the limited resources to meet the unlimited needs and wants in the health sector. The purpose of this book is to introduce first the concepts and tools of economics necessary in understanding health economics. Thereafter, the book introduces the concepts and tools applied in health economics to enable students to perform economic and statistical analysis in health economics so as to address the unique characteristics of supply and demand of health care. The book also provides the learners with necessary information that will enable them to design effective policies and strategies for effective health care management in the health sector. It is expected that after successfully reading the book, the student should have acquired the basic knowledge and understanding of economic tools and concepts used in health care. This book is thus expected to contribute towards knowledge base in the understanding of Health Economics locally, regionally and internationally.
Until the very recent time majority of AYUSH graduates were limited to their own field of study with few exceptions in the field of public health and allied areas. The reasons could be lack of awareness, unavailability of suitable job opportunity or a sense of insecurity in a relatively new and offbeat domain of work. However more recently, there is a paradigm shift; with increase in information access, awareness about job opportunities and a great degree of professional and personal satisfaction. This has led to a huge rush of these graduates in to the field of public health and allied areas.
Public health communication in a museum context is a vastly untapped resource for the promotion of health and wellness among communities. Due to the perceived obstacles that public health topics appear to be associated with, museum-based health promotion is not as prevalent as it might otherwise be. However, several museums have dismissed the idea that public health topics are an impediment; and have instead embraced pressing health concerns as important topics conveyed to the public through innovative use of communication media. Drawing on theory from the fields of Public Health, Communication, and Museum learning, four museum case studies are found to employ advanced communication technique in their display of pro-active topics and play central roles in their communities. Patterns, evident from the case studies, suggest that museum- based health promotion is found to be successful when five principles are followed. It is suggested that museums consider these points when presenting public health topics, and that regardless of the mission of a nonprofit organization, it is important to educate the public about health.
Libyan citizens who can afford private health care are opting out of the public health care system. They have a perception that the quality of public health care has deteriorated. The negative perceptions have resulted in a lack of trust by many of Libya's citizens in the Libyan public health care system. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that have led to the negative perceptions and mistrust. Key research questions examined the role Libyan cultural values and privatization of health care might have played in creating the negative perceptions and mistrust of the health care and its delivery and whether the perceptions and mistrust varied between the patients and health care providers. Study results provided an understanding of the cultural considerations, the impact of privatization, and the respondents' perceptions of Libyan public health care. This study and its results provides insight to health care professionals and administrators seeking to overcome negative perceptions of its public health care system.
Dentistry has seen many era of revolution in past, making it more reliable and comfortable for the patients. It is undergoing yet another change in helping mankind, this time with the help of nanotechnology combined with Nonomaterial's, Biotechnology and Nanorobotics.Nanodentistry will make possible the maintenance of near-perfect oral health through the use of nanornaterials, biotechnology including tissue engineering and nanorobotics. Oral health and disease trends may change the focus on specific diagnostic and treatment modalities