The book gives an insight into the basic concepts related with the public health dentistry. The subject of public health dentistry is vast therefore every attempt has been made to include every aspect of the subject in the book. The language used is very simple and lucid making it convenient for even an undergraduate to use the book. The book will act as a special aid to learn the basic concepts of Public health dentistry and apply the same in practical situations. In addition special attention has been given to explain the concepts by citing examples. The authors have put in a lot of hard work in compiling a huge data related with the vast field of public health dentistry and hope that the book will be successful not only among the specialist dealing with the subject but also among general dentists,physicians,people dealing with the policies determining public health . Being a teacher the authors have also tried to incorporate the topics which will be important for the students in various university exams.All in all the book will be a good handy resource for any body ranging from students to teachers to policy makers who are directly or indirectly related to the subject.
An expert's guide to exploring business opportunities in the burgeoning Arab marketplace This groundbreaking book reveals the myriad opportunities presented by the Arab World's market of 350 million consumers, who collectively wield the ninth-largest economy in the world. Based on the author's firsthand research, including hundreds of market visits and more than 600 interviews at companies doing business throughout the region, this book shows how globally interconnected and vibrant the Arab markets are. Through a rich blend of data and anecdotal observations, it chronicles how, by respecting the region's culture and religious norms, hundreds of local and multinational companies and entrepreneurs are creating successful businesses in this large and growing marketplace. Hundreds of interviews and illustrative examples peel away stereotypes about Arab consumers to reveal diverse, vibrant and entrepreneurial consumer markets Explains how multinational companies, such as Coca-Cola, Unilever, and Proctor & Gamble, and leading regional companies are working successfully in the Arab nations Shows how Arab entrepreneurs, both men and women, are shaping the regional and global marketplaces Vijay Mahajan, author of two previous award-winning books on emerging markets, is one of the world's most-cited researchers in the business and economics sector As the global marketplace continues to expand, this book offers anyone interested in investing in the Arab world an expert perspective on the boundless business opportunities.
Our goal was to provide undergraduate and postgraduate students with a comprehensive overview of the subject without omitting or diluting the salient concepts of the information given. During the course of writing this text book careful attention has been given to outline the older and recent concepts and several of the chapters represent totally new approaches to the specific subject. The authors willingly will accept any unintentional oversights and will make necessary amendments in the future editions.
Health is sensitive to social conditions and this has implications for the positioning of health promotion interventions in the social context in which people live their lives. Social Sciences have brought to the field of public health the study of the psychology, culture and other aspects of human behavior that are important part of our external environment. Social Scientist can work in tandom with the dental public health team to address the issues of accessibility of oral health services for low income populations.
In this second edition of the bestselling title from the acclaimed Nutrition Society Textbook series, Public Health Nutrition has been extensively revised to ensure that it reflects the latest evidence-based knowledge and research. Ground-breaking and comprehensive in both its scope and approach, Public Health Nutrition has been fully updated by an expert editorial team to cover the most recent changes in the field. It now offers a structured overview of the subject's core concepts and considers public health nutrition tools and the application of intervention strategies. Divided into five key sections, Public Health Nutrition contains a wealth of information, including: Public health nutrition concepts and assessment tools, and their application in light of the latest evidence. Case studies to illustrate how best to apply the theory and evidence to policy and practice. An examination of nutrition throughout the lifecycle, and the relationship between diet and disease, including in relation to obesity, diabetes, cancer, as well as mental health. The impact of environmental factors on public health. Public health strategies, policies and approaches. With a clear and concise structure, Public Health Nutrition is an essential purchase for students of nutrition, dietetics and other healthcare areas, as well as an invaluable practical guide for health professionals working within public health.
The Public Health Educator, Community Health Educator or Health Educator are all used interchangeable to describe an individual who plans implements and evaluates health education and promotion programs. These individuals play a crucial role in many organizations in various settings to improve our nation’s health. Just as a Community health educator works toward population health, a school Health educator generally teaches in Professional Colleges and Schools. A community health educator is typically focused on their immediate community striving to serve the public. TB is now a notifiable disease in India-It has become mandatory for healthcare providers in India to report all tuberculosis cases to local government authorities, following an order issued by the government of India on 7 May 2012.
Nanodentistry is a good approach to assess onset or progress of oral diseases and to identify the targets for their treatment. Using nanocharacterization tools, various oral diseases can be understood at molecular and cellular levels. It can be used to design the biocompatible, microbe resistant dental materials and implants. This nano technology will make possible the maintenance of oral health by using nanomaterials in dentistry. Nanodentistry is developing very fast and is set to transform the dentistry in a huge way.
Promotion of oral health and preventive dental care are fundamental concepts in dentistry for children. In this context, the pediatric dentist has a specific responsibility to children and their parents as well as to society. The preventive process must begin early in infancy during the infant's first year to ensure a successful outcome. The purpose of an infant oral health program is to improve access to care, to provide counseling and anticipatory guidance for children aged 6 months to 5 years. The goal is to provide infants and toddlers with a pleasant, non-threatening introduction to dentistry and to establish and reinforce the foundation of sound dental habits. The Current Text offers a Contemporary Guide to Perfect Oral Health Care in Infants.
Oral diseases remain major public health problems on a global level. Dental caries are one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide. These oral problems are significantly associated with pain, agony, functional and esthetic problems; also loss of working man-hours. This situation exists despite the fact that both dental caries and gum diseases are theoretically preventable by appropriate dental health behaviors. Prevention has been categorized into four levels namely: primordial, primary, secondary and tertiary levels. Early prevention and detection are key to minimizing your need for more serious dental treatment. Hence, a detailed review of literature is conducted to throw light on every aspect of “Recent advances in preventive dentistry”.
This book tries to answer the following questions: What is the status of sexuality and sexual health in the practice of social sciences in Morocco? Could the critique of this status contribute to specify concepts of sexuality and sexual health? Does the social construction of sexual identities aim to be less hierarchical and less hetero-normative ? How did sexual behaviors and practices evolve? What are the sexual issues and problems that are considered by public powers as public health related? What are the public policies adopted to face sexual issues and problems? Among the main results of this work, a practical tolerance of sexual freedom is observed in spite of the laws that prohibit non marital sexuality. This opening of Moroccan sexuality is anarchical as it is non-managed by a public policy, making it happy and not guilty. Public policy is only focused on the sexual public health. But the founding sexual and reproductive rights at the heart of sexual health are said to be inadmissible in the name of an official Islam that refuses to recognize sexuality as such. Thus, sexual citizenship is not recognized.
Dentistry has come a long way since 1900 when Willoughby Miller & William Hunter proclaimed that oral disease cause most systemic disease. A century later researchers are developing a scientifically based understanding of how in fact periodontitis may be a risk for certain systemic diseases. As these more recent observations are confirmed & clarified, dentistry will have a new responsibility in caring for patients who may develop or who have periodontitis. It is no longer just teeth that are at risk.
Chronological developments of public health in 19th and 21st centuries are discussed in this book, starting from Edwin Chadwick’s sanitary movement and the social and Economic Drivers behind them,John snow’s work and various legislative Acts. In 19th century the main focus was on Physical Infrastruture especially to provide adequate sanitation ,housing and clean water.Public Health then was mainly concerned with the prevention of Infectious and contagious threats to Human health and concerned with poor and special needs group. What has emerged as the New public Health is the approach which tries to bring together the environmental change and personal perspective measures with suitable interventions. The contemporary health problems is seen as social rather than individual and what is needed to address these problems is Healthy Public Policy. In the New public Health the environment is Social,psychological and physical as well. The desire for New Public Health movement to tackle the Health problems of 21st century found its expresionin WHO’s Global strategy of Health for All by the year 2000(HFA2000).
This document is to assist the health care provider by providing a succinct guide to clean care in the long term care setting, and home and community as well as institution care settings. This document will focus on screening clients/student dentists , risk assessment, and risk reduction strategies including clean hands, clean equipment, clean environment and health care provider and patient education.
Ajay wants to be strong like his daddy. He also wants to run fast when he plays tag at the park. With help from his friends and family, Ajay learns healthy habits about nutrition and staying active. Stuart J. Murphy uses Visual Learning strategies to help young children see and learn how to build healthy habits—a key health and safety skill.
This is an initial attempt at combining the financial analysis using partly the NHA (National Health Accounts) framework and the concepts of decentralization as viewed from the perspective of the local body. The study presents a scope for both empirical as well as theoretical discussion. Empirical by way of quantifying the shares of various categories and elucidating the reasons for the same. Simultaneously connecting this pattern with the degree of autonomy, as perceived by the decision makers, providing for the view of decentralization from the side of the local body. Theoretical by way of changes made in the NHA framework for combining the concepts of financing and decentralization. The fluidity in terms of the definitions can be further probed and challenged.
Geriatric dentistry is a specialty which deals with the prevention, treatment and rehabilitation aspects of the problems of dental and oral structures and functions of older people to make them to lead better life and well accepted by the society. Several countries have started to give special attention to the oral health needs of geriatric groups. Their problems have been looked as the public health problem and a search for a suitable policy and program for their health have been initiated. The purpose of this book is to understand the oral health needs of the geriatric populations and health care programs and policies undertaken in different parts of the world so as to compare and analyze the present situation and to suggest the possible strategy for the future of geriatric oral health.
Until the very recent time majority of AYUSH graduates were limited to their own field of study with few exceptions in the field of public health and allied areas. The reasons could be lack of awareness, unavailability of suitable job opportunity or a sense of insecurity in a relatively new and offbeat domain of work. However more recently, there is a paradigm shift; with increase in information access, awareness about job opportunities and a great degree of professional and personal satisfaction. This has led to a huge rush of these graduates in to the field of public health and allied areas.
Nigeria, with an estimated 150 million people belonging to some 250 ethnic groups and separated by an ever widening gulf between Christians and Muslims,is one of world's most volatile nations. This is an attempt at a critical analysis of the precursors and determinants of genocidal conflicts in a country where ethnic and religious motivated massacres claim more lives than many infectious and non-communicable diseases. The book draws a parallel between Nigeria and similar African nations that have witnessed genocidal killings and highlights the precursors and trigger factors that led to genocide in those countries as well as the peculiarities of Nigeria as presently structured that makes her a candidate for such incidences. It tries to estimate the impact a major genocide will have on Nigeria from the humanitarian and health system perspective. The potential role of public health professionals and how they can use the knowledge and concepts of epidemiology to predict and prevent genocide or mitigate its public health impact are highlighted. This book will be of interest to public health physicians, students of conflict epidemiology/management, sociology, politics and public policy.
This book empirically examine the impact of public health expenditure on health outcomes in Kenya which is of interest to policy makers and forms major policy debates and priorities of many governments, in the light of improving health quality. This paper used a time series data for the period 1975 to 2008 and two measures of health outcomes namely: infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births) and under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) as the dependent variables and number of health professionals, public health expenditure, urbanization rate, public health expenditure as a share of gross domestic product, female literacy rate and immunization coverage for measles as independent variables. Using a combination of utility maximization and health production approach developed by Grossman (1972), results reveal that though greater health expenditure on health outcomes is being advocated for by many, it does not affect health outcomes in Kenya. The most important factors relevant to health outcomes in Kenya are number of health professionals, proportion of GDP spent on health, female literacy and immunization coverage.
Public health care workers are particularly vulnerable to high levels of workplace violence and stress imbedded in volatile communities and work environments.These factors can impact negatively on the health status of these individuals and on health care delivery in general.The incidence of violence against community public health care workers in Jamaica or in developing countries has not been well studied. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of societal violence on the delivery of public health care, by looking at the impact/effects on public health workers at six health centres. The study specifically examined the prevalence, types, nature and effects of violence; identified causes, signs and sources of stress, coping skills and general responses and attitudes to violence amongst health care workers who delivered health care to clients. Therefore, it can be concluded that there is a high prevalence of violence against healthcare workers in the form of verbal abuse, which contributes significantly to their source of stress at work. Interventions are needed to reduce stress in the work environment of health care workers, so as to make health-care delivery more effective.