This book explores how linguistic diversity mediates social justice in liberal democracies undergoing rapid change due to migration and globalization. Focusing on the linguistic dimensions of economic inequality, cultural domination and imparity of participation, Linguistic Diversity and Social Justice is a call to write language into the social justice agenda.
This book explores educated young women’s linguistic innovation and performance of non-normative femininity during the Meiji and Taisho periods (1868-1926), by analyzing their letter-writings in readers’ correspondence columns of three prominent women’s magazines. The analysis reveals that innovative language plays a significant role in educated young women’s self-expressions and their construction of a subculture through friendship practices, and identifies the similarities in linguistic innovation and performance of non-normative femininity between contemporary young women and educated young women of these periods. Also, by comparing how innovative language is presented in novels and fiction, I propose dual functions of innovative language; an expression of writer’s identity as a young and modern female writer, and as a yakuwari-go ‘language that fits to a particular character’ (Kinsui 2003). In addition to this historical work, current perspectives of gendered speech styles including “Japanese women’s language” were investigated to how Japanese language learners and instructors perceive these styles and how their perceptions impact upon language pedagogy.
A how-to guide for creating and funding social justice program grants This groundbreaking book shows how to increase funding for social justice philanthropy. Social justice philanthropy provides direct services to alleviate suffering and works to transform the systems and institutions that cause that suffering. Written in an engaging, easy-to-read style, Change Philanthropy offers an insider's view what works and what doesn't work when developing grantmaking strategies in support of social change. It gives clear guidance showcases foundations of all types and sizes including Liberty Hill Foundation, Charles Stewart Mott Foundation, Needmor Fund, Jacobs Family Foundation, Discount Foundation, Global Fund for Women, Schott Foundation, Ford Foundation, and the Open Society Institute. The book also includes a wealth of illustrative examples and contains practical suggestions and tips that can be applied immediately to support any social justice agenda. Offers a guide for increasing funds for social justice programs and suggestions for foundations on which programs to fund Gives step-by-step advice for developing a successful grantmaking strategy Includes a wealth of examples from leading foundations Sponsored by The Center for Community Change
This book presents new research into the great structural diversity found in Sinitic languages. While many studies focus principally on Standard Mandarin, this work draws on extensive empirical data from lesser-known languages, and seeks to dispel many recurrent linguistic myths about the Sinitic language family
The research on which this book is based set out to: identify and describe both phonological and grammatical variations in the English spoken by teachers at primary school level in Kenya, Africa; determine how these variations depart from the British standard variety; correlate the linguistic variation observed with the social variables of ethnicity, gender, educational level and rural-urban dichotomy; and discuss the implications of the emergent sociolinguistic patterns for pedagogy in Kenya and by extension, in other non-native multilingual contexts. The general finding is that the English spoken by teachers at primary school level in Kenya varies from the British standard variety - the model that is supposed to be used at all the education tiers in Kenya. This variation cuts across all the social variables investigated. The study argues for the consideration of the sociolinguistic reality of English in Kenya and adoption of a local variety of English, a variety that will be close to other standard varieties, thus making it possible for Kenyan speakers to maintain mutual intelligibility with international speakers of English while maintaining their Kenyan identity.
The book explores language families in Africa, official languages since independence, language death and dying, and globalization of African languages. The book discusses the role of African universities in revitalizing African languages, indigenous knowledge and education systems. The book also focuses on the role of Afro-centric bilingual lexicography in enhancing social stability and national development with special reference to Kenya. Historical contributions to the African linguistics and lexicography with special emphasis to the historical discourses of the late historical guru Professor Atieno-Odhiambo are also revisited. This is a vital book for general linguistics, historical linguistics and also bilingual lexicography.
Revision with unchanged content. The Amazon is home to a rainbow of social categories: numerous groups with different forms of settlement, integration, and occupation. The Amazon is shown to have experienced significant change in recent years resulting from development efforts undertaken in the region. Livelihood, settlement patterns, land use and land tenure, economic activities, and social stratification have been altered. Elements of this alteration are reflected in the terms used to name rural Amazonians. In this respect, Brazilian Portuguese offers an amazing plenitude of terms. So far, defining the various forest dwellers and identifying correct equivalents for English usage has caused debate and continues to remain fuzzy. Terms are used interchangeably, glossing over important differences. If researchers and associates of projects are to take seriously the Amazonian dwellers, then it is important to understand much better the backgrounds and historical context employed in the Portuguese terms. To this end, this study approaches the task from a socio-linguistic perspective, identifying the various rural settlers in the Amazon and examining the terms used to designate them from a translation-oriented point of view.
The organization of the textbooks shows that attention is predominantly given to language skills and functions, with little consideration of grammar and vocabulary. The grammar rules are presented in a deductive approach that gives some explanations of the rules followed by few examples and exercises. The strengths observed in the textbooks are inclusion of topics related to culture, environment, social life, education and other things that are relevant to students'' lives. However, lack of specification and separation of skills and grammar items, lack of useful extensive grammar references, glossaries and other communicative activities as appendices, and lack of summaries in all the units are considered as weaknesses of the textbooks. The textbooks have problems in presenting grammar rules repeatedly in a progressive way in consecutive grades, resulting in problems of rehearsal. Moreover, contexts are not provided for many of the contents of the textbooks: there are no dialogues and/or conversation, language drills, and language games that could make students learn the grammar items with interest.
The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages is a very complex document due to the great diversity of linguistic situations in Europe. However, thanks to its monitoring system, the treaty has become the most important tool for evaluating linguistic minority policy today. The present thesis aims to explain variation between three contracting parties in compliance with provisions of this treaty. A comparative case study was conducted in order to examine the legal status of linguistic minorities in Switzerland, Germany and the Netherlands. Previous research shows that NGOs play an important role in furthering treaty compliance and effectiveness. In order to understand the reasons for countries' divergent compliance levels, three aspects have been considered: (1) The role of the respective NGOs during the ratification process; (2) the factor of decentralized governance; (3) the use of direct democratic instruments.
Strategies for long-term social impact This important new book illustrates how to create the social breakthroughs needed to solve urgent global threats such as poverty, disease, and hunger. It then turns to three alternative, but complementary, paths to social breakthrough: social protecting, social exploring, and social advocacy, providing a detailed map of the journey from initial commitment to a world of justice and opportunity Examines the current condition of the social impact infrastructure Offers strategies for how to remedy the steady weakening of our social-impact infrastructure Provides tactics to build strong social organizations and networks Illustrates dynamic methods to respond to constant economic and social change Author Paul Light believes we should be less concerned about the tools of agitation (social entrepreneurship, social protecting, social exploring, and social advocacy) and more concerned about the disruption and replacement of the status quo. Timely in its urgency, this book describes the revolutionary social impact cycle, which provides a new approach for framing the debate about urgent threats.
This book is devoted to developments in postcolonial literature in four geographical spaces: the Indian space,the West Indian space, the Eastern and Western world and the South African space. It explores a highly debated issue in postcolonial studies - the theme of hybridity - as narrated by four outstanding writers coming from different cultural backgrounds: Amitav Ghosh, Derek Walcott, Salman Rushdie and Nadine Gordimer.
Explores the role of oral interaction for second language learning from cognitive, social, pedagogical and linguistic perspectives, with a focus on research relevant to English language learners aged 5-18 in a variety of classroom contexts.
In his essays, Orwell elevated political writing to the level of art, and his motivating ideas-his desire for social justice, his belief in universal freedom and equality, and his concern for truth in language - are as enduringly relevant now, a hundred years after his birth, as ever.
This book is based on cognitive flexibility in bilingual and multilingual population. Language is one factor that helps constantly to activate and strengthen the inhibitory system. Being fluent in two or more languages influences the cognitive flexibility. This study was determined to understand the difference in cognitive flexibility in bilingual and multilingual population. Person fluent in two languages is sufficient to enjoy the benefits in cognitive flexibility. It is advisable to encourage children to grow in bilingual environment. Although there are studies stating that being bilingual will influence the cognitive flexibility, there is no significant difference in cognitive flexibility in both the population. There are various implications of this study in the intervention of Speech and language disordered population.
Legal authorities alone are helpless in the interpretation of certain lexical items in legal drafting.Legal knowlege is dependent substantially on linguistic knowledge in spite of the long held view of legal authorities that the law should not be made subservient to grammar. In this compelling book, the author highlights the centrality of modal verbs to the understanding of constitutional provisions, using the 1979 constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria as example. The study relies on the pragmatic insights of speech acts and the deontic/epistemic components of syntax to show that understanding the orientation and direction of the communication in a modal verb is a neccesary requirement for the interpretation of its constitutional import. The book asserts that the nature of authoritative assertiveness of the state in every modern democracy makes the use of modals such as ''shall'', ''will'' and ''may'', which are draconian in provision essential and useful.
This study broadens our knowledge in the function and importance of (SMS) Short Message Service, For instance, It is being used as an invitation, for passing information and serving as reminders of invitation, etc. It reveals why some linguistic options were preferred to others in texting. Finally, it enriches the existing literature on the roles linguistics play in teaching and learning of the English Language especially in the ESL situations like Nigeria. This study concerns itself with the linguistic analysis of SMS text messages collected from forty students on the campus of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.
When her father leaves the Church in a crisis of conscience, Margaret Hale is uprooted from her comfortable home in Hampshire to move with her family to the north of England. Initially repulsed by the ugliness of her new surroundings in the industrial town of Milton, Margaret becomes aware of the poverty and suffering of the local mill workers and develops a passionate sense of social justice. This is intensified by her tempestuous relationship with the mill-owner and self-made man, John Thornton, as their fierce opposition over his treatment of his employees masks a deeper attraction. In "North and South", Elizabeth Gaskell skillfully fused individual feeling with social concern, and in Margaret Hale created one of the most original heroines of Victorian literature.
The Shirley of the title is a woman of independent means; her friend Caroline is not. Both struggle with what a woman's role is and can be. Their male counterparts - Louis, the powerless tutor, and Robert, his cloth-manufacturing brother - also stand at odds to society's expectations. The novel is set in a period of social and political ferment, featuring class disenfranchisement, the drama of Luddite machine-breaking, and the divisive effects of the Napoleonic Wars. But Charlotte Brontes particular strength lies in exploring the hidden psychological drama of love, loss and the quest for identity. Personal and public agitation are brought together against the dramatic backdrop of her native Yorkshire. As always, Bronte challenges convention, exploring the limitations of social justice whilst telling not one but two love stories. With an Introduction and Notes by Sally Minogue.