Road traffic accident takes thousands of lives everyday around the world. Millions of these accident victims are left with disabilities. The health, psychological and social effects of the accident are also tremendous. It mostly affects the productive age group between 14 and 44 in Africa. Road crash fatalities are high among pedestrians, passengers and drivers respectively. Apart from death and property damages, the psychosocial effects of the accident on the victims are incalculable. Thus, this study undertook to assess the psychosocial effects of car accident among disability victims in Minilik hospital, Addis Ababa. This monograph reflects the tragic experiences of victims from their point of views. The study analyzed its effect on their family, social relations, engagement in work, their health conditions. Finally, the study identified implications for professional practice that could help people who are working to improve the psychosocial well being of victims in the area of trauma services, public health interventions, enhancing the skill of victims to cope with adverse effect of accident and identifying possible policy interventions.
Death, disability, human suffering and material loss or damages are direct effects of road accidents. This problem is increasing from year to year at an alarming rate, especially in developing countries. Compared with international risk fingers, Ethiopia, particularly; Addis Ababa is one of the worst examples in terms of fatality rate per vehicles. This book attempts to analyses the level, the major causes, and contributing factors of traffic accident in Addis Ababa. Road junctions (nodes) and road segments (links) are usually seem to be more exposed to traffic accidents. And my book finds out why they exposed and assesses measures that have been taken regarding traffic accident and road safety of the city. Moreover, it reviews studies on different aspects of road and traffic factors. Finally, it summarizes the findings and recommends the possible solution to reduce traffic accidents and to improve road safety in Addis Ababa.
Technology is of no use if it is not helpful to solve the problems faced by human beings. Automobiles and the major transport lines are the most important features of the modern world. But the risk of accidents is the side effect of these technologies as they pose a danger to human life. Thus another technology, Geographic Information System, might be used to identify the points of risk and to minimize the effects of road traffic accidents.
The research candidly and boldly reveals the effects of urban developments...it gives insights for policy makers to equally consider the impact of a seemingly positive development initiatives.It gives recommendations to mitigate some of the negative effects of infrastructural developments which are often wedded with restructuring urban spaces.It also reveals some of the broken promises that were made by authorities for the displacees.
Atubi, Augustus .O. holds the B.Sc., M.Sc., and Ph.D. degrees in Geography from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. He is an Associate Professor at the Delta State University, Abraka. Dr. Atubi is a specialist in Urban Transportation Planning, Road Traffic Accident Analysis and Transport Policy Impact Analysis. He is an erudite scholar and researcher of repute. He has wide knowledge of the scientific framework for transportation modelling in inter-city and inter-country transport service provision and networking. He has since been teaching courses both at the Undergraduate and Postgraduate levels of the Department of Geography and Regional Planning, Delta State University, Abraka. Dr. Atubi has contributed on several occasions fundamental issues relating to transport policies and guidelines.
India has the highest number of road accidents in the world. Road accidents have earned India a dubious distinction, with over 135,000 deaths annually. The country has overtaken china and now has the worst road traffic accident rate worldwide. Every hour, 40 people under the age of 25 die in road accidents around the globe. This is the second important cause of death for 5 to 29 years old. In India death toll is 14 deaths per hour (2009) i.e. 4 deaths /min. While trucks and two wheelers were responsible for over 40% of deaths. Peak traffic during the afternoon and evening rush hour is most dangerous time to be on roads. In victims dying within half an hour of the accident, multiple injuries involving head; chest and abdomen were common including fractures of skull associated with lacerations of brain, liver and lungs. In victims surviving up to one week, the incidence of subdural haematoma and herniation of brain increased whereas incidence of lacerations of brain, liver, lung decreased.
Provisions of safe water, sanitation and hygiene services are vital for the development of human health. However, lack of proper waste management and sewerage system, poorly designed pit latrines and leaking septic tanks affect the quality of municipal water in a city. Moreover, population expansion and investment development create shortage of water supply and aggravates the pollution rate in the city.Thus, evaluation of municipal water quality was conducted in each sub-cities of Addis Ababa. This book, therefore, provides information on the microbial as well as physico-chemical water quality of Addis Ababa. Some of the basic analytical methods were used for analysis of the selected parameters. The analysis result would primarily be beneficial for the people of Addis Ababa as it provides information on its level of pollution, for Addis Ababa water and sewerage Authority, for various organizations that are working on municipal water quality and water related diseases. It could be helpful information for further studies. It can also gives information on the quality of drinking waters for travellers and tourists who want to come to Addis Ababa.
The perception of the host communities towards the impacts of tourism is vital for sustainable tourism development. However, there is a limited understanding on the relationship between perception of tourism impact with sustainable tourism development in Ethiopia.Furthermore, there is a limited understanding on how and why residents' respond to tourism,and This inspire the author to write a this book. The book is an attempt to assess the perception of the Addis Ababa residents' towards tourism impact and its implication to sustainable tourism development.The methodological approach of the study was a case study of Addis Ababa city with a quantitative and qualitative descrptive survey domains.The book was relied on primary and secondary data. Results of the study indicated that tourism development in Ethiopia is significantly affected by residents' perception. There is perception difference among the respondents. Moreover negative impacts were less known by the residents,in addition perception difference is observed among socio-demographic factors. Recommendation were forwarded in order to shape and improve the perception of the residents
This book is about settlement quality of condominium housing, which is an integrated form of housing in Addis Ababa, with special reference to Bole Sub- City, Ethiopia. Specifically it deals with the implication of vertical condominium settlement on land management, contribution of condominium in reducing housing shortage problem and its contribution in easing the difficult of infrastructure provision for residents of condominium. Hence the book is supposed to be significant for residents of condominium, housing development agencies, municipalities and academicians or academic purpose.
The main purpose of this book is to visualize the agenda of older people by exploring the major psychosocial problems, coping mechanisms, and support systems at Addis Ababa. The study attempted to explore the major psychosocial problems, underlying causes and contributing factors for the psychosocial vulnerability of the elderly and obstacles facing in the course of service provision. Moreover, important statistical tests were made to see if there is statistically significant difference between institutionalized and non institutionalized elderly in the study area. Based on the findings, conclusions and recommendations were made on how care and support for the elderly could be harmonized. Hence, since there has not been scientific study to explore the psychosocial problems, coping mechanisms, and support systems of the elderly in Ethiopia, this monograph will be extremely helpful for both the humanitarian and government agents working for the well being issues of the elderly, that should be vital and burning agenda of every country at this time.
Self government in the parlance of cities is not a novel adventure. Far from that, there are evidences supporting the primacy of cities over states. Stated otherwise, cities herald states. History changed course, states became stronger and they forged themselves out of cities. Recently, states recognized local governments and went on giving them rights, including the right to self government. In Ethiopia, Addis Ababa''s self governance juxtaposes with the general state structure that orients establishing the state along ethnic lines. Owing to history, geography and economy, Addis Ababa''s self government cross cuts that of the federation''s and of Oromia''s. These all make the matter a delicate one particularly when we consider of limiting self government. Whether limiting self governance is possible and if so, what should guide it demand intrinsic exposition. The absence of principles justifying self governance at city level along with lack of principles of limiting it, make the case of Addis Ababa precarious. This piece will be indispensible for those who need to explore self government at city level. It adds significant insight on the subject of limiting self governance.
Ethiopia provides a well-known example of a severely degraded African environment with consequent implications for food insecurity and famine. Physical land degradation after road building has been observed in Central Ethiopian highlands through gully erosion. In this research work by using a number of methods such as Field observation, gully measurement, GIS technique ,the 1997and 2006 topomap and socio-economic questionnaires, the impacts of the road on land degradation has been studied. It investigates how highway construction in the Ethiopian Highlands affects the gully erosion risk by quantifying the catchement area before and after road construction, the number of gullies created, and its characteristics in two selected cases: Addis Ababa-Fiche and Addis Ababa-Ambo. Accordingly; since the building of the road, 17 new gullies were created immediately downslope of the studied road segmensts and 8 other gullies at a radical change in its dimensions. The average catchement area is now 58.28 hectares and 74.52 on the road segments of Fiche and Ambo respectively, which is significantly different (p
With the discovery of wheel, years ago, ushered in an unending era of revolution in the field of transportation, that still goes on with men’s persistent hunt for better, faster and comfortable automobiles. A byproduct of this revolution is the road traffic accident. An accident is a result of defects laying either in the host (victim or road user), agent (vehicle) and environment (road conditions and social atmosphere) or a combination of the defects laying in all three factors. In 2002 nearly 1.2 million people worldwide died as a result of road traffic injuries resulting mortality rate 19.0 per 100 000 population. Low-income and middle-income countries had a rate slightly greater than the global average. On current trends, by 2020, road crash injury is likely to be the third leading cause of disability-adjusted life years lost. But road traffic deaths are to a great extent preventable. By obtaining epidemiological data and autopsy findings, it is possible to establish various causative factors, pattern and distribution of injuries, there by planning successful measures to minimize fatalities and disabilities and to initiate appropriate preventive measures.
Poor people are Bonsai people. There's nothing wrong with their seed, they just don't have enough space to grow" (Muhammad Yunus, 2007/3/22 in a Gulbenkian Conference in Lisbon). The major findings of the study indicate that MFIs operating in the city of Addis Ababa are expanding in terms of outreach but are sluggish in their speed as compared to their African peers. In addition, these institutions can survive in the near future even though their profitability is very negligible.
Enjoyment of alcoholic beverages had been evident through out the history of man kind. Alcoholic beverages had been seen as a sign of requirement, social lubricant, a source of relaxation and a part of good meal. But enjoyment of alcoholic beverages has its negative effects such as family disruption, cause of disease and losing once dignity The excessive consumption or abuse of alcoholic beverages also poses varying social and health problems such as work inefficiency, underemployment, depression, hostility and emotionally which lead to breach of ethics. Alcoholism is a major problem which affects the victim his immediate family members and the society at large.
Is the call for improvement regarding the status of academic freedom,especially those of students genuine at Addis Ababa University(AAU),which claims to foster a democratic university, which gives pride of place to its students in instruction and provision of services while encouraging the robust exercise of academic freedom? This book, in addition to the couple of books written on this topic,will give you some historical backgrounds of academic freedom in Addis Ababa University under the last three regimes and updates you the status of academic freedom to nowadays. Indeed, there is only a couple of books written on this topic. Therefore, this work will be an important resource for readers.
Marital life disruption has important and direct effect on the well being of the family at the individual or societal level. But studies on marital disruption with its causative factors especially due to family migration are rare and scarce in our country. The present study attempts to explore the basic demographic and socio- economic determinants of female first marital disruption in Addis Ababa,Ethiopia, the case of Yeka sub-city, using primary data. A total of 600 women were interviewed using structured questionnaire. And an in-depth interview was done with selected key informants. Among surveyed women 61.3 percent of the families were migrants within first marriage. Concerning the result, the bi-variate analysis indicates the significant association of migration status of the family, age at first marriage and some socioeconomic characteristics of respondents with marital disruption. Moreover, migration status of the family, number of migration, stream of migration within first marriage and the place where the family live at the start of first marriage are among the variables which showed a significant difference between the dichotomous groups.
In Addis Ababa, Public Transportation is one of the main challenge of all public services. To overcome the problems, government is highly striving. Other stakeholders, like World Bank and United Nations are also playing considerable roles to make it efficient. Yet, due to lack of coordination between concerned bodies the problem is persisting. Therefore, it needs the integral effort of various national and international stakeholders to make the system effective and efficient.
The present study examines the socio-economic problems that affect the women petty traders in Addis Ababa with specific reference to Gulit traders in Kotebe area of Yeka sub-city. The social and economic factors that led these women to Gulit trading in the study area, the roles and responsibilities and the ways to overcome the socio-economic problems of women Gulit traders were also examined. The study participants are 15 women petty traders from 'Yeka Sub-city of Addis Ababa Administrative zone, specific to Kotebe. Within the age range of 30 -60 who are married and divorced mothers who have with a minimum number of two children and a maximum number of six children living with them. Data was collected through systemic observation, focus group discussion, and in-depth interview.
This book is published with a big concern for the environment to contribute my own share, though minute. Nature is so beautiful and lets keep it and handover to our sons and daughters with big responsibility, especially those who are living in the urban areas. An urban area with only concretes is really not meaningful. It lacks attractiveness, free oxygen, unfavorable temperature for human body, especially for children.