This book explores factors that safety and health professionals and extension specialists should consider when planning and implementing respiratory safety and health programs. The book provides an extensive review of literature on behavioral models and theories, and identifies relevant belief constructs that address workplace safety and self-protective behaviors. The constructs that significantly influence workplace safety are selected and used to develop a needs assessment tool for a respiratory safety program. Data Analysis of the needs assessment phase focused on how the perceived health beliefs of agricultural employees of a college of agricultural sciences in a northeastern land-grant institution significantly influenced their choice of behavior. Additionally, the barriers to using respiratory protection at the workplace are identified, and useful suggestions offered to plan and implement effective respiratory safety and health programs.
Safety and Security Review for the Process Industries,
A large number of hazardous chemicals and processes are employed in the chemical process industry. This leads to a high risk of accidents. Despite major advances in safety science and engineering, accidents keep occurring frequently across the world. With the spread and the density of population increasing in most parts of the world, alongside a continuing increase in the use of hazardous chemicals and processes, the risk of accidents has increased with each passing year. This has happened despite the controlling effect exerted by the advancements in safety sciences and engineering. The situation is particularly grave in fast-developing countries like India where the use of hazardous substances is growing as fast as the population-at-risk is multiplying. Hence it is necessary to pay ever-greater attention towards developing ways and means to prevent accidents as also to reduce the harm when accidents do take place. The present book deals with the powerful role CFD (computational fluid dynamics) is capable of playing in forecasting accidents so that strategies to prevent accidents can be developed in a more thorough and cost-effective manner than is otherwise possible.
The passing of the Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Bill in the UK and increasing public and investor pressure for good Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility, means organizations now, more than ever, need to ensure they do all they can to prevent major accidents. However, past experience shows that just implementing safety management systems is not enough and this book makes the case for a more holistic and ethical approach to improving corporate systems as a whole.Preventing Corporate Accidents shows how major accidents can result from human error and defects in corporate systems. The book describes accident prevention strategies, from safety culture, safety management systems, foresight and planning to safety regulations, corporate ethics, corporate social responsibility and the learning organization. Barry Whittingham illustrates with international case studies from various industries how and why these defences have failed in the past, and more importantly, how to strengthen corporate systems to prevent future major accidents.The case studies include: The loss of the space shuttle ColumbiaInfant heart surgery at Bristol Royal InfirmaryThe Davis-Besse nuclear power plant incidentThe fire and explosion at the Conoco-Phillips Humber oil refineryHerald of Free Enterprise and Southall rail accident manslaughter prosecutionsThis book is essential reading for all those with a professional interest in health and safety management, the control of major risk and accident prevention, in particular for directors, senior managers and health & safety professionals in high-hazard industries and public operations, such as nuclear, chemicals, construction, oil and gas, energy, manufacturing and transportation.Barry Whittingham has worked as a senior manager, design engineer and consultant for the chemical, nuclear, offshore, oil and gas, railway and aviation sectors. He developed a career as a safety consultant specializing in the human factors aspects of accident causation. Barry is a Fellow of the Safety and Reliability Society.* Learn what the Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Bill 2007 means for your business* Helps managers and directors in checking whether they have appropriate accident prevention strategies in place* Illustrates potential weaknesses with numerous case studies of past accidents from a variety of industries and countries
On-Line Fault Detection and Supervision in the Chemical Process Industries 1998,
Entrepreneurship constitutes an important input in the process of economic development. Economic growth draws its vital nourishment from a stream of fresh ideas, inventions and innovations. Without entrepreneurial functions perceptions of the opportunity based on a invention, promotion of a business organization capable of embodying the innovation and running the business unit and growing in are entrepreneurial motivation in general, the modern development would have been inconceivable.
It has been acknowledged that many prevention campaigns against HIV/AIDS in Mozambique have not reached their goal in changing people''s behavior in terms of condom use. One of the reasons advanced is that messages presented in those campaigns were not adapted to the local reality and culture of the targeted population. This research intends to validate that addressing the cultural orientation of the individuals (in terms of individualism versus collectivism orientation) increases the effectiveness of the message in terms of attitudes and intentions towards using condoms. Moreover, it aims at distinguishing which regulatory focus of the message, between prevention and promotion, is most effective according to the cultural orientation of the individuals. In fact, little is known about the interaction of these two factors in the effectiveness of a message in changing behaviors. The research was conducted in Mozambique with 145 Mozambican participants. The results show that the cultural orientation should be addressed when designing messages to achieve maximum effectiveness.
This book is a fruit of many years of hard work and extensive reading. It emphasises that health can only be effectively achieved when individuals take to heart, promote and practice principles through participation in promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative aspects of health. Topics covered are: nutrition, health and spirituality, divine lifestyle and its benefits, people’s responsibilities and tools, nutrition and disease prevention, controversy on plant-based protein, meal pattern and health, body weight and control, use of plants in nutrition, health and disease prevention, lifestyle and health reforms in the developed world, diseases threatening developing countries, and Islam and health principles.
The General objective of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of health and safety programmes in the manufacturing industries with specific emphasis to plastic manufacturing industries. The Specific objectives were to investigate whether health and safety policies meet legal requirements; whether the organizations conduct safety training for its employees; to assess senior management’s commitment to health and safety issues and to establish whether the organization have safety and health committees. The target population of the study was the Plastic Manufacturing industries in Kenya. The study population was all (39) the plastic manufacturing industries in Nairobi. A sample of 69 respondents was drawn using simple random sampling method. Primary data was collected using a questionnaire. The questionnaire was pre-tested to ensure clarity and validity of the questions. Data was analyzed using descriptive and qualitative techniques such as liner regression and analysis of variance. The findings were interpreted using percentages and the data was presented using tables, charges and graphs. The study found that the occupational health and safety programmes in the plast
This book describes the whole content of the thesis project titled “Data Loss/Leakage Prevention” in organizational perspective which mainly involves in minimizing the data loss or leakage prevention. The project was carried out during the master program at Lulea Tekniska Universitet, which is called master thesis. This is an ongoing project in a company and was did by two researchers where one researcher who worked for a company have collected real time data’s, conducted interview questionnaires, and the other researcher collected data’s through video conferencing and email management system. In this book, the researcher deals with both the terms data loss and data leakage in analyzing how the DLP technology helps in minimizing the data loss/leakage problem? The objective of the research is that as organization was facing issues with data loss, so the project was dealt with analyzing a research question on evaluation of how well DLP fills security gap in comparison with previously used technology (such as Firewall, IDS, IPS etc.) in a motive to solve data loss/ leakage problem.
Early consideration of risk and safety results in permanent and fundamental impacts on the reliability of processing plants. Integration of safety assessment into process design provides the opportunity to take preventive and proactive actions to eliminate possible hazards. The authors introduce a novel measure for risk and safety assessment based on Petri net modelling tool. This integrated approach relies on limited data which is available in the initial design phase and in the mean time the results are accurate to an extent to be usable as decision-making factors. Simplicity and flexibility are tow outstanding features which make this framework an applicable solution for industries.
The Australian aged care industry workers have the highest rates of manual handling injuries of all industries in Australia. As well, they have the greatest proportion of injuries sustained by being hit by a person. However, historically very little recognition have been paid on the occupational health and safety risks of workers in this industry. Effective design and implementation of OHS management systems has come to be recognised as an important process to address workplace injuries. This book describes the process of designing a new survey instrument, specifically designed for residential aged care services to assess and benchmark OHS management systems. The OHS Benchmarking Tool has application more broadly in aged care services in other countries as well as has been identified to have application in other industries.
The increasing occurrence of preventable diseases among industrial workers has led to resurgence in Occupational Health and Safety (OH&S) education and awareness. With this rise in awareness, the need to protect workers from adverse work conditions which generate stress and precipitate occupational related diseases among workers has come to the fore. Thereby impelling governments to set standards for employee health and safety. This book therefore provides analytic information for health promotion, disease prevention and rehabilitation in Occupational Health & Safety practice and Health Education to ensure good health of the workforce. These measures include the integration of OH&S Practice into national Primary Healthcare (PHC) programmes in order to provide access for medical care to low income workers. This book measures the effectiveness of healthcare services provision by employers and the potential benefits of compliance with global best practices in Occupational Health and Safety (OH&S) practice. It advocates effective preventive and disease control measures and highlights the role of the employee in self-protection and health promotion as paramount.
From a modern heart pacemaker to a computer-controlled jet engine in a civilian flight or an air fighter, Safety-critical systems – i.e. those systems whose failure could result in loss of life – have become more common and powerful than ever. Needless to say, the verification process of such systems requires higher rigour when compared to the verification process of usual commercial software systems, in order to guarantee the critical aspects of the systems, e.g. safety and security. The rigorous verification process, however, can dramatically increase the cost of the software development process. This book extends the Compliance Notation – a unified framework where both formal and informal techniques can be employed in sequential software development –and provide a novel approach to the verification of concurrent safety critical systems. The viability of the new approach is illustrated using a real example form the safety-critical industry, namely, a robot-operated production cell. Finally, the book draws conclusions on the proposed approach and discusses future research directions.
This Study helps to know about the Small Scale Industries Development and Importance.Development of Small industry has been given much priority in adopting modern technology and utilizing the entrepreneurial talent for absorbing the labour force in gainful employment so as to raise the productivity and income levels. The development of small industry facilitates the dispersal of industries, utilization of local resources and factor endowments available in the area / Region. In view of the labour intensity and favourable capital-output ratio, the development of small industry also facilitates the overall process of development. Inadequate supply of entrepreneurs, lack of access to modern technology and extension of credit, non-availability of raw materials, deficiency of demand, smallness of the size of the market and inadequate infrastructural facilities are the constraints in the promotion of the development of small industry. Despite this, the development of small industry has been accorded priority in the plans to accelerate the process of development.
Corrosion is the destructive attack of a material by reaction with its environment. The serious consequences of the corrosion process have become a problem of worldwide significance. In addition to our everyday encounters with this form of degradation, corrosion causes plant shutdowns, waste of valuable resources, loss or contamination of product, reduction in efficiency, costly maintenance, and expensive overdesign. It can also jeopardize safety and inhibit technological progress. The World Corrosion Organization estimates the global cost of corrosion to be roughly US$ 2.2 trillion annually, and that a large portion of this - as much as 25% - could be eliminated by applying simple, well-understood prevention techniques.