Fly Away – The Great African American Cultural Migrations
Historians have written on African-American music, and its related genres for quite some time. Since the publication of Amiri Baraka's great work, Blues People, historians, as well as ethnomusicologists and cultural theorists, have discussed the essentialist qualities against the malleability of music. In this analysis I will present his work, its importance, and its impact and how modern scholars use it or move away from it when writing on these genres. The newest genre in the form of Hip-Hop culture, mostly through Rap music, is the same, yet it's also new as a post-Civil Rights and Black Power Era music with a whole new breath of interpretation.
The history of African-American literature is undoubtedly connected with the history of slavery. It primarily protests against racial discrimination, marginalization and social injustice. At the beginning of the twentieth century, African-American writers faced a plethora of serious issues: race and class inequality; challenges to morality and religion; interrogations of nationalism and the continuing problem of how to achieve a truly African-American identity in the face of complicating diversity. The quest for a distinct African-American identity leads to the development of several recurring themes like rebirth and renewal, the “self-made man,” and the melting pot that have circulated in American literature since its inception. The African-Americans have occupied a paradoxical place of simultaneous inclusion and exclusion in the history of national literature. Although they are indeed Americans and have played a crucial role in building the United States into a world power, the legacy of slavery and the ongoing, systemic racism have excluded Americans of African descent from the existing definitions and privileges of the American self.
This book has been well researched by the author Joshua Oludare Olusan to showcase the African history, and journey through many stages of development to the present time. It is a thought provoking book which makes one to glimpse the past, present and the potentials for the future. The author has always been concerned for the African dreams that seem continually far away as Africans grapple with poverty, disease and slow socio-political developments, disappearance of indigenous languages and culture. Through this book one can see his great attempt to sensitize all Africans to their rich history and cultural heritage. It is a must to read for both older and young generation. The African Portal is truly the story and the window of the African place in the world of today.
Comparative literature is a liberating and humanizing force on literature itself by breaking the boundaries and leading ultimately to a realization of the oneness of humanity. Research pertaining to any aspect of the African American society have to be made necessarily with reference to their history, for their life had been uniquely conditioned by the peculiar situation in which they lived. Claude McKay and Gwendolyn Brooks are the two great Black intellectuals, who identify themselves with the suffering Blacks. They utilize the English language as a medium to voice their protests to create Black Consciousness among them with an egalitarian view. McKay’s poems breathed militance, anger and alienation. Brooks, the grand dame of the twentieth century, began writing poems even at the age of seven. Her involvement in the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NAACP) paved her way to have interactions with great ambition achievers like Margaret Taylor. Brooks’ poems, meant for Blacks and not against Whites. The marvelous contribution rendered by these poets brought an excellent advancement and upliftment in the life of African Americans.
The existing psychological literature on African American women’s body image has tended to purport that this population is protected from body dissatisfaction and negative self-appraisals due to cultural acceptance of larger body sizes and a lessened preoccupation with the thin ideal. Though a thin ideal may not be central, there is ample sociocultural and historical support for the idea that skin tone and color, hair length and texture, and facial features represent appearance characteristics that are salient to the body image of Black women. When these characteristics are considered, a very different picture of Black women's body image begins to appear.
Revision with unchanged content. African American women develop life threatening health diseases such as hypertension, non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, cardiovascular disease, and obesity at higher rates than Caucasian women. Dietary differences between African American and Caucasian women are one of the most prominent factors attributing to the disparity in health conditions between the two groups. The relationship between psychosocial factors and dietary choices has been explored, but cultural factors have been given much less attention. The purpose of this study was to predict the influence of these psychosocial (food preference and preparation methods, perceived support from family and friends, and attitude toward health) and cultural (acculturation levels) variables on African American women’s level of dietary fat intake. An additional purpose of this study was to predict the influence of the psychosocial variables as moderated by acculturation levels, on African American women’s level of dietary fat intake.
African American rap culture (Rhythm and Poetry) has practically come of age in recent times. History has it that this came to the fore during the mid eighties. The various rap songs and movements help to testify to this. In fact it should not be taken to be fallacious and hasty that rap has served as a means of buttressing the plight of the black man in a predominantly prejudicial society. A cursory look at the great immortalized works of the rap icons like Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five “The Message” Amiri Baraka’s “Dope”, one gets to realize that they are more of the chronicle of the various happenings of these times. During the there were rappers like MC Hammer, Snoop Dog, LL cool J. In recent times we now discuss 50 Cent, NAZ, Kanye West, Jay Z, Jah Rule, Charmillonare, Eve, DMX, amongst others. This work intends to take a critical look at the African Americans and their great exploitation of the medium of orality. This is mostly evident in poetry, although there are other instance of oralitiy in black novels, fiction and drama.
Globalization, an increase in international mobility through international migration, is not limited to race, nationality or ethnicity. The world is an increasingly expanding canvas even as it continues to shrink due to people capitalizing on more technology, which brings us closer through the internet. Today, more people have the ability to travel and they are taking the opportunity to explore alternative career opportunities. This book explored the motivating factors for African American female expatriates adjusting to their host countries. The participants evaluated their adaptation, identity, experience, common bonds, and perceptions. Through this exploration, there was an apparent intercultural shift among the participants in terms of value and perception. Based on the research there is a definite need for more research on self-initiated expats who are moving abroad in the field of teaching, especially in ESL, and a need to explore theoretical frameworks around cultural adaptation and the adjustment of African American expatriates.
South African English is just one of the many varieties of English spoken across the globe. However,South African English itself does not only have one variety but four major varieties,namely White South African English(WSAfE),Black South African English (BlSAfE),Indian South African English(IndSAfE) and Cape Flats English (CFE).One of the most influential of the world Englishes is Standard American English.Standard American English and the Englishes of South Africa do not only have things in common but also lots of differences.Do these differences lead to a breakdown in communication?An environment where we can see how intercultural communication between these two countries happens is the call centre industry.The call centre industry in South Africa is a booming industry especially in the Western Cape.Foreign investors,like airlines,are outsourcing their call centres to South Africa due to a number of factors. The result of the thesis is that communication accommodation surely plays a role in inter cultural communication;however linguistically accommodating a customer in a conversation is not the only way to have a successful and efficient conversation.
African American Midwifery in the South – Dialogue in the Birth, Race & Memory
American Congo – The African American Freedom Struggle in the Delta
Black Jacks – African American Seamen in the Age of Sail (Paper)
National Geographic Readers: Great Migrations Amazing Animal Journeys
This book studies the ways in which antidotal reflections in American art provided a counterfriction to the affirmative stance of the government during the Great Depression. The consensus culture that adopted the common people rhetoric engendered by the nationwide crisis, the optimistic ideology of the president Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the rising influence of the leftist politics constituted the social context in which artists constructed these two clashing perceptions, which constitutes the framework of this cultural analysis.
From the first explorers to present-day Australians, via the great migrations of the centuries in between, Australia's story has been shaped by movement and mobility. This cultural, political and social history offers a clear chronological narrative which brings to life the ideas, hopes and journeys of Australia's past and present.
National Geographic Readers: Great Migrations Amazing Animal Journeys
Posing Beauty – African American Images from the 1890s to the Present
Technology and the African–American Experience – Needs and Opportunities for Study
Technology and the African–American Experience – Needs and Oppurtunities for Study