This volume is devoted to mostly to nanotubes, unique synthetic nanoscale quantum systems whose physical properties are often singular (i.e. record-setting). Nanotubes can be formed from a myriad of atomic or molecular species, the only requirement apparently being that the host material or wall fabric be configurable as a layered or sheet-like structure. Nanotubes with sp2-bonded atoms such as carbon, or boron together with nitrogen, are the champions of extreme mechanical strength, electrical response (either highly conducting or highly insulating), and thermal conductance. Carbon nanotubes can be easily produced by a variety of synthesis techniques, and for this reason they are the most studied nanotubes, both experimentally and theoretically. Boron nitride nanotubes are much more difficult to produce and only limited experimental characterization data exist. Indeed, for boron nitride nanotubes, theory is well ahead of experiment. For these reasons this volume deals largely with carbon nanotubes. Conceptually, the "building block" for a carbon nanotube is a single sheet of graphite, called graphene. Recently, it has become possible to experimentally isolate such single sheets (either on a substrate or suspended). This capability has in turn fueled many new theoretical and experimental studies of graphene itself. It is therefore fitting that this volume contains also a chapter devoted to graphene.- Comprehension- Overview- Highlights in the field
Nap: Condensed–matter Physics (paper Only) (vol 3 Of Series 0814)
The book covers recent hot topics of condensed matter physics, such as topological insulators and graphene, through a pedagogical approach. Starting from the treatment of energy bands in solids through advanced mathematical instruments, the transport properties of surface states in three-dimensional topological insulators and graphene are analyzed. The application of Dirac equation on curved space time to condensed matter systems is also treated, with the study of topological defects and local curvatures as possible applications. A study of the possible use of condensed matter system to the relevation of gravitational waves concludes the book, together with a detailed treatment of all the mathematical prerequisites needed to follow the calculations in the book.
Encyclopedic Dictionary of Condensed Matter Physics,
More is Different – Fifty Years of Condensed Matter Physics
The equation of state (EOS) is the relation between the pressure, temperature and the volume of a physical system and is related both to fundamental physics and to application in astrophysics, condensed matter, gases, nuclear and elementary particle theory. Hence, the aim of the book is to develop an equation of state (EOS) of condensed matter and apply it to obtain the various physical properties like acoustic properties of liquids (e.g., sound speed and non-linear parameter), thermodynamic properties (e.g. Gibb's energy, entropy, heat capacity etc.) and activated properties (e.g. self-diffusion coefficient, activation volume, activation energy, and activation entropy and activation heat capacity). Much of the material on which this book is based, is published under different publishers. I would like to specially acknowledge to Dr Narsingh Dass for his very ironic contribution to the work presented in this book.
In this book, we introduce fundamental concept concerning comprehensive statistical and algorithmic techniques in the foremost streamline of computer science and engineering. We present the concept of computational intelligence methods and specific analysis along with examples and case studies from the perspective of a broad coverage and clear exposition of the subject matter. This text is designed for a swift overview and the tools required for solving problems for both the researchers and students. Herewith, this study offers all basic existing dimensions of computer science and engineering theories and computational intelligence algorithms, centrally working towards contemporary modern real-world applications including biological data interpretations and gene feature selections, image enhancement algorithms, IPv6 generator, as well as the fuzzy clustering approach and perspective computing schemes.
Matter Consciousness – A Contemporary Intro to The Philos of Mind 2e
Practical Matter – Newton?s Science in the Service of Industry and Empire 1687–1851
Carbon in petroleum Source Rock is organic origin. The questions from the inorganic proponents are hereby answered to end on the long standing debate on organic versus inorganic origin. This gives us a new dimension on the science of source rocks. Source rock is made up of lipid rich organic matter deposited in mostly marine like environments.The basins where marine like sediments are not available are possibly sourced from meta-sediments.
To this day and age, mathematics, aptly named “the language of science”, continues to play the central role in the development of science and technology, which, in turn, continue to be the main guiding forces behind our economic growth. However, although mathematics is, quite understandably, a compulsory school subject all over the globe, its inherent logical nature as well as the sophisticated abstractions of its concepts make the teaching-learning process of mathematics an extremely important matter to consider. In the present volume, the author attempts to develop a systematic and gapless syllabus for mathematics from classes I to IV by applying various scientific methods such as text book scanning, task analysing, comparative studies of diverse syllabi, etc. A comparison between various prevailing curricula of mathematics and the proposed syllabus has also been presented. The author sincerely hopes that this opus will be beneficial to all the interested teachers, students, researchers, policy-makers, syllabus-framers involved with mathematics and mathematical education anywhere.
Pushing beyond the epistemological restraints of practical science, this paper attempts to assimilate philosophically the significance of crucial scientific and mathematical discoveries. Through the lens of the British photographic artist Susan Derges, concepts underpinning quantum mechanics, fractal geometry, chaos theory and more are discussed. Comparing reductionist versus holistic world views the causes of the psychological fragmentation of our time are explored and through an artistic standpoint 'occupying' a 'host' field of science, novel insights are sought into our understanding of mind, matter and form. The journey to uncover the meaning of our reality is a task that requires skills of both the scientist and the artist. Susan Derges' captivating photographic work is thus interpreted through the discoveries and theorems of such scientists as Wofgang Pauli, one of the fathers of quantum mechanics and Einstein's student David Bohm, while Descarte's 'Cogito Ergo Sum' is viewed through the lens of the logician Kurt Godel's 'incompleteness theory'. Originally written in 2004 as a BA Fine Art Painting book under the tuition of Dr Paul O'Brien, NCAD, Dublin IE.
Pedagogy and the Practice of Science – Historical and Contemporary Perspectives
Featuring numerous updates and enhancements, Science Fiction and Philosophy, 2nd Edition, presents a collection of readings that utilize concepts developed from science fiction to explore a variety of classic and contemporary philosophical issues. Uses science fiction to address a series of classic and contemporary philosophical issues, including many raised by recent scientific developments Explores questions relating to transhumanism, brain enhancement, time travel, the nature of the self, and the ethics of artificial intelligence Features numerous updates to the popular and highly acclaimed first edition, including new chapters addressing the cutting-edge topic of the technological singularity Draws on a broad range of science fiction’s more familiar novels, films, and TV series, including I, Robot, The Hunger Games, The Matrix, Star Trek, Blade Runner, and Brave New World Provides a gateway into classic philosophical puzzles and topics informed by the latest technology