At War With The Weather – Managing Large–Scale Risks in a New Era of Catastrophes
In this seminal new work, Martin Shaw, a leading expert on the sociology of war, argues that the new Western way of war is in crisis. He charts the development of a new warfare, after Vietnam, through the Falklands, the Gulf, Kosovo and Afghanistan. He argues that in the Iraq (mis)adventure (of which he provides a detailed analysis) and the War on Terror, the US has consistently flouted the key rules that enabled Western states to fight these earlier wars successfully. The results are not only political failure and a disaster in Iraq, but also a loss of credibility for the very idea of Western warfare.For Shaw, the new way of war focuses on containing risks to the lives of Western soldiers in order to minimise political and electoral risk to governments. Risk is transferred to innocent civilians, whose killing is explained away as ?accidental?. Yet the idea of managing risk is fundamentally at odds with the brutal, unpredictable nature of war. Ultimately, attempts to manage, govern and rule over the risks of war produce greater risks for those in power.The New Western Way of War is a moral and political statement as well as a major contribution to sociology and international relations. It will make compelling reading not only for students and scholars of these disciplines, but for anyone concerned about Western political and military power, and the future for global justice.
A practical guide to the practices and procedures of effectively managing banking risks Managing Risks in Commercial and Retail Banking takes an in-depth, logical look at dealing with all aspects of risk management within the banking sector. It presents complex processes in a simplified way by providing real-life situations and examples. The book examines all dimensions of the risks that banks face—both the financial risks—credit, market, and operational—and the non-financial risks—money laundering, information technology, business strategy, legal, and reputational. Focusing on methods and models for identifying, measuring, monitoring, and controlling risks, it provides practical advice backed up by solid theories, without resorting to the use of complicated mathematical and statistical formulas. Author Amalendu Ghosh exposes topics that are usually absent in books on managing banking risk—such as design of control framework, risk management architecture, credit risk rating, risk-based loan pricing, portfolio analysis, business continuity planning, and corporate governance. Author has extensive experience with a variety of major banks and institutions worldwide and brings a fresh perspective in the wake of the global finance crisis Presents a novel approach using models of the credit risk rating of different types of borrowers, the methodology for assigning weights for deriving the rating, and the scoring process Covers the essentials of corporate governance and options for credit risk assessment in line with the recommendations made in the New Basel Capital Accord Explains the methodology of risk-based internal audit, including techniques to enable bank branches to switch over from the old transaction-based audit methods With its logical sequence of the aspects of risk management, the book's layout is ideal for presentations, making it a handy tool for risk management training
This is the time of social dilemmas. Commons resources are suffering depletion, congestion, pollution, and overuse. Public goods are under provided in every country. Both Commons resources and Public goods are now a new arena where we can see conflicts. A social dilemma is a conflict between individual and group rationality. When two people meet around a common resource or a public good, the situation could lead to a potential lost for all the group. The more interesting issue here is about rationality. If we use our rationality, we hope we can get the best output in every situation we apply it. However, social dilemmas define a kind of space for interdependency where individual rationality could drive us to the worst output. This book is about managing cooperation and how collective action can contribute to solve this kind of crises. The book presents several mechanism to promote cooperation and the difficulties we need to solve to make cooperation effective for solving large-scale social dilemmas. The author suggests that managing cooperation is possible and describes the complexity we have to understand in order to solve these kind of crises.
This book offers the experiences and improvements made in mammalian cell culture technology. It bridges two scientific cultures, Scientists with no background in cultivation of animal cells and for engineers with a little ground in biology. It was designed to provide you with immediate access to the protocol required every day for animal and mammalian cell lines cultures. It explains the advantages and disadvantages of the methods, different application and gives advice whichever procedure to use. The author supplements the ideas by simple worked examples, making the techniques of scaling up cells by adaptation strategy for pharmaceutical protein production easy to learn. Monitoring cell growth kinetics accompanied by cell metabolism (glucose and glutamine consumption, lactate and ammonia production) and cell imaging established well. It discusses removal of serum, media supplement like insulin and amino acids, osmotic stress and cell morphology. It worth mentioned that, this book open a new gate for biotechnological scientists describing manipulation of productive adherence cell factory in serum medium to grow as suspension cells in serum free medium at high cell density.
Deforestation in the uplands of Eastern Bangladesh, has reached an alarming rate in recent years due to the various pressures of a growing population, land clearances for agriculture, illegal felling, development interventions, gaps in policy and legislation, and conflicting institutional mandates. The forest coverage of Bangladesh is one of the lowest and the deforestation rate is the highest of any country in the world. Coupled with the process of deforestation, flawed afforestration programmes have seriously exposed Bangladesh to environmental vulnerability. Shifting cultivation, which is still prevalent in the area, contributes significantly to forest loss and is the main cause of land degradation. Agroforestry is a promising alternative that can sustainably manage the remaining forest resources. It has good economic returns, and the income also maintains farmers basic needs, whereas the agroforestry tree crops are a valuable source of fuelwood thus reduce rural poverty significantly.
In this thought-provoking book, the author argues that the relationship between employees and employers - an association that both defines and drives the American workplace - is in a state of profound transition. Organizations that once provided long-term job security and lifetime career development are abandoning these programs in favor of market-based employment transactions: short-term contracts, temporary staffing, and outsourcing. Peter Cappelli explores recent developments in employment relationshipsand causes us to rethink our long-held assumptions about managing people. He reveals that the new arrangement shifts many of the risks of business from employer to employee, as individuals must now assume responsibility for developing their own skills and careers. Yet when internal development programs are reduced or nonexistent, how can employers retain the employees they need and secure the commitment and specialized skills that so many projects demand? Cappelli's conclusions make for important and compelling reading for employees, managers, policy makers, and anyone concerned with the market forces that shape the American workplace.
Revision with unchanged content. Have we entered the era of a new form of Cold War? This book shows that imperialistic tendencies need not only take the form of overt military aggression. Giedraitis crosses disciplinary boundaries to take a fresh look at the multiple ways that post-socialist Russia is exercising geopolitical domination over its former occupied territories. On the front lines of this new battleground are the Baltic countries of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. Due to Western Europe’s “addiction” to Russian oil, what happens in Lithuania - the focus of this work - could have far reaching consequences for the rest of Europe’s energy supplies - and their economies. Supported by interviews and quantitative data, the dangers of three types of dependency relations - political, economic, and energy - are explored. Giedraitis illustrates Lithuania’s precarious balance between the new Western opportunities of the European Union and NATO, and threats from their former occupier to the East. This book is intended for those interested in neo-colonial dependency relations in post-socialist countries, such as the Baltics. Russia has massive mineral reserves, and fuel-hungry economies surrounding it. Is its aim only to sell energy at market values? Is evidence of Russian political disruption in Lithuania chance, or does Russia have ulterior motives?
Despite the continuous advances in the fields of control and computing, the design and deployment of an efficient Large-scale Nonlinear Traffic Control System (LNTCS) remains a significant objective. This is mainly due to the complexity and strong nonlinearities involved in the modeling of traffic flow processes. The ultimate performance of a designed or operational LNTCS depends on two main factors: (a) the exogenous influences, and (b) the values of some design parameters included within the LNTCS. When a new control algorithm is implemented there is a period of, sometimes tedious, fine-tuning activity that is needed in order to elevate the control algorithm to its best achievable performance. Fine-tuning concerns the selection of appropriate values for a number of design parameters included in the control strategy. This thesis introduces and analyzes a new learning/adaptive algorithm that enables automatic fine-tuning of LNTCS, so as to reach the maximum performance that is achievable with the utilized control strategy. The proposed Adaptive Fine Tuning (AFT) algorithm is aiming at replacing the conventional manual optimization practice with a fully automated online procedure.
While involving parties with varying preferences, interests and knowledge brings new types of know-how outside the firm's existing knowledge boundaries, thus facilitating diversity and the “search" for high-value solutions in the technology landscape, it makes it more difficult to coordinate the parties' actions in a congruent manner. The central theme of this book is therefore the management of collaboration and conflicts between professional organizations in the context of New Product Development (NPD). This book particularly investigates several theoretical and empirical research questions relevant to managing collaboration and conflict both at the firm and at the project level. At the firm level, it studies why a firm should outsource (motivation), with whom to work (selection), and how to implement the collaboration (process and contracting). At the project level, it searches for the operational principles which lead to effective NPD execution in cross-organization collaborative projects. In addition, it applies a model to examine the organizational (signaling), financial (bonus) and behavioral (status) levers to coordinate internal parties in a cross-functional project.
The purpose of this research is to provide IT project managers with a good understanding of the most important possible IT project risks and the possible ways to react against them in addition to suggesting an extended model for managing e-Government project risks through ordering the most important risks and their most effective mitigation plans. In this dissertation, literature has been analysed deeply to demonstrate the background of the project and to determine the most important and noticed IT and e-Government project risks in addition to their suggested effective mitigation plans. After that, two separated models for managing IT and e-Government projects risks have been created. IT and e-Government project managers have been asked to order the determined risks and mitigation plans by using questionnaire. These gathered responses have been analysed and linked together to create the ordered models. These models were used in addition to the discovered relations to combine them within a final one that is useful for project managers to manage some important e-Government projects risks.
This all-new edition of the seminal book on navigating the multigenerational workplace takes a fresh look at a growing challenge, now exacerbated by the youngest employees. With their micromanaged childhoods and tech addictions, Gen Yers require constant feedbacka??frustrating for the Me Generation that cana??t let go of the spotlight, and annoying for Gen Xers, sandwiched between the two. So how can you lead this motley group with their often incompatible work ethics, values, and styles? Generations at Work lays bare the causes of conflict, and offers practical guidelines for managing the differences, including: a?? In-depth interviews with members of each generation a?? Best practices from companies bridging the generation gap a?? Specific tips for each generation on how to handle the others a?? A field guide for mentoring GenerationY For anyone struggling to manage a workforce with different ways of working, communicating, and thinking, Generations at Work is the answer.
Looks at Germana€“American relations from World War II until the fall of the Berlin Wall.
A multi-author work that looks at all aspects of Germana€“American relations since 1945.
Looks at Germana€“American relations from World War II until the fall of the Berlin Wall.
Safari or sport hunting is a tourism undertaking that contributes significantly to the national economy of Tanzania. In tandem, safari hunting serves as a tool to manage wildlife numbers under the concept of sustainable conservation. On the other hand, large scale farming, which competes with wildlife in terms of land use practices, equally contributes to the economy of the country including provision of food security. In view of the two conflicting land uses and while observing the dire need to conserve natural environment, it critical for the government of Tanzania to undertake an appropriate measure with a view to realize a rational, but long term gain for the people of the country and the world at large. The content of this book provides analysis of the situation with some highlight on practical measures that may serve as a stepping stone in resolving the land use conflict in Tanzania and to other countries with similar situation.
A multi-author work that looks at all aspects of Germana€“American relations since 1945.
A cutting-edge text on credit portfolio management Credit risk. A number of market factors are causing revolutionary changes in the way it is measured and managed at financial institutions. Charles Smithson, author of the bestselling Managing Financial Risk, introduces a portfolio management approach to credit in his latest book. Understanding how to manage the inherent risks of this market has become increasingly important over the years. Credit Portfolio Management provides readers with a complete understanding of the alternative approaches to credit risk measurement and portfolio management. This definitive guide discusses the pricing and managing of credit risks associated with a variety of off-balance-sheet products such as credit default swaps, total return swaps, first-to-default baskets, and credit spread options; as well as on-balance-sheet customized structured products such as credit-linked notes, repackage notes, and synthetic collateralized debt obligations (CDOs). Filled with expert insight and advice, this book is a must-read for all credit professionals. Charles W. Smithson, PhD (New York, NY), is the Managing Partner of Rutter Associates and Executive Director of the International Association of Credit Portfolio Managers (IACPM). He is the author of five books, including The Handbook of Financial Engineering and Managing Financial Risk (now in its Third Edition).
In Africa, investors that have embarked on development projects without involving the intended beneficiaries, have always had socio-political problems. This book focuses on the moral dilemmas faced by investors in large-scale development projects, especially when investors work to please politicians at the expense of the local communities. The result is confusion, disorientation of local people and a frustrated workforce as is the case at the ARDA-Chisumbanje ethanol plant in south-eastern Zimbabwe.
In a legal comparison between America, England and New Zealand this book demonstrates the Judiciary?s struggle to retain its constitutional role as guardians of the rule of law in times of war and crisis, while not curtailing the necessary latitude of the Executive when dealing with matters of national security. It carves out the reasons for Judiciary?s hestitation regarding more drastic judgments and defines the required collaboration between the branches of each constitution for a necessary approach of the matter. America, as it was the first target of the new era of terror and its constitutionally strong Judiciary. England as part of the United Kingdom, its parliamentary constitutional concept and the influence of the accedence in a Union of civil law countries. Finally New Zealand, arguably one of the countries of the modern world with the weakest form of judicial review. The book provides a review of selected jurisdiction enacted during the World Wars and the current “War” against terror, based on executive measures such as indefinite detention without trial, restriction of movement or deportation of undesirable foreign nationals, violating human rights at its core.